Medial and Lateral Collateral Ligaments (MCL &LCL)
The MCL is along the inside of the knee and prevents the knee bending in, the LCL is on the outside of the knee and prevents the knee bending out.
The MCL and LCL can be either sprained or torn, this happens when there is excessive force bending the knee inwards for MCL and outwards for LCL, usually from a blow to the knee whilst the foot is planted on the ground.
Pain is usually felt on the medial side of the knee for MCL and on the outside for LCL with LCL you may also hear a crack and severe swelling creating a lot of pain, injury to either can reduce your movement, increased in weakness, walking issues and balance problems.
What to do if this happens to you
If you have injured the both the MCL and LCL, RICE for the first day or two to help swelling and improve healing.
You should stop activities that generate too much blood flow into the joint. (heat rubs, hot showers and increased activities)
For LCL only injuries it is important to have someone assess this injury you may need to have scans to confirm diagnosis. The LCL injury may require hydrotherapy, Acupuncture, Massage and taping to support the joint.
Most MCL injuries will self heal in a few weeks, long term issues arise if other structures are damaged at the same time. Acupuncture and Massage can increase the healing capacity of the joint as it can help reduce the swelling and stiffness.
If your knee needs attention please give Ash a call on 5310 6259 or book online at www.bodyandspinesolutions.com.au